I was back out to Whitewell on Tuesday afternoon this week to meet up with John and plot and scheme. This summer, for the first time since 2015, we are going to do a full four week excavation season on the project. The plan this year is to spend our time looking for evidence of prehistoric activity on Whitmore Knott and Long Knott. These two hills form a similar limestone ridge to New Laund Hill, which we worked on between 2011 and 2015, but are about one kilometre further west.
We are going to start by looking in and around two cave sites. This is the first of them, Dinkling Green Mine Cave. As the name suggests, it was heavily mined in the early modern period. the whole of the front of the limestone escarpment here was removed by miners looking for zinc ores. What I am hoping is that we will be able to pick up evidence of any prehsitoric activity in this cave by sampling the extensive spoil tip which you can see in front of the current cave entrances in this photo.
What this will also do is give us a rapid idea of whether it is worth exploring further into the cave. As you can see from this photo, the passages shoot off steeply into the hill, so this is not something we will undertake lightly. In any case, Neolithic and Bronze Age activty in caves tended to be most concentrated in the areas around the cave mouth so if there is nothing in the spoil heap it is a good bet there is nothing in the cave at all. There are other 18th and 19th century lime and lead mining remains all over the two hills, so we won’t be short of archaeology to record, but the main aim of this season is to map where any prehistoric activity was.
The second cave site we are going to look at it this one, Whitemore Pot, which is only about 200 metres to the north-east of Dinkling Green Mine. The cave entrance, which is another vertical shaft, is at the bottom of this wild garlic covered hollow. As I was gingerly edging my way down the slope to explore the entrance (and it seemd a lot steeper in real life than it looks in this picture) I disturbed a barn owl. This was presumably roosting somewhere in the crevice which leads to the cave mouth or amongst the trees. It sped away huffily, looking exactly like an offended cat (assuming cats could fly), as I slipped about beneath it. I was much too slow to get a photo of it, as I always am in these situations, but I am still going to count it as the wildlife of the day.
We will be starting work at Dinkling Green from 24th June and will be on site until the 19th of July. As we get nearer the fieldwork season I will, hopefully, be posting more regularly.